Apixaban Prevents Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Cancer

​A team of Canadian researchers has found that apixaban reduces the occurrence of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients who are starting chemotherapy and are at intermediate to high risk for this condition. A blood clot that forms in the veins, venous thromboembolism is the third most common vascular condition after heart attack and stroke, affecting between 300,000 and 600,000 individuals in the United States each year. Patients with active cancer are at increased risk, with a 9.6% chance o...
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How to Help Cancer Patients Quit Smoking

​After a cancer diagnosis, nearly half of patients who smoke continue to do so, even though continued smoking can negatively impact the outcome of their disease. A team of researchers from Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine and the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center has found that lengthening patients' use of an anti-smoking medication can lead to better smoking cessation outcomes for those who adhere to the treatment. "With the stress cancer patients are unde...
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Cancer Quadruples Suicide Risk

A new study by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine has found that the suicide risk for patients with cancer is four times that of the general population. "Even though cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, most cancer patients do not die from cancer; the patients usually die of another cause," commented Nicholas Zaorsky, MD, a radiation oncologist at Penn State Cancer Institute and first author of the study, which was published in Nature Communications. "The...
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How Lifestyle Impacts Outcome in ER-Positive Breast Cancer

For survivors of breast cancer, lifestyle behaviors can have a significant impact on disease outcome. It is known that factors such as poor diet and lack of exercise can change tumor-associated biological pathways in ways that increase the risk of cancer's growth or recurrence. However, exactly how these biological pathways are affected by lifestyle factors has until now been unclear. To answer this question, researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina investigated the association be...
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Therapeutic Target Identified in Chemo Brain

Chemotherapy is a life-saving treatment for many patients with cancer. However, it can also leave patients with lasting neurological deficits through a condition commonly known as "chemo brain." "It's wonderful that they're alive, but their quality of life is really suffering," commented Erin Gibson, PhD, a postdoctoral researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine. "If we can do anything to improve that, there is a huge population that could benefit." In a study published in Cell, Dr...
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​Why We Need Certified Oncology Nurses: An Interview With Barbara Gobel, MS, RN, AOCN®, FAAN

For oncology nurses, certification has a significant impact on career advancement and quality care. Since oncology is a rapidly changing field, up-to-date study materials are therefore crucial. To this end, Oncology Nursing Review, Sixth Edition, has just been published. This new edition is an essential guide for oncology nurses studying for the Oncology Certified Nurse (OCN®) exam offered by the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation (ONCC). Coauthor Barbara Holmes Gobel, MS, RN, AOCN®, FAA...
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Skin Creams Can Now Be Safely Used Prior to Radiotherapy

Up to 90% of patients undergoing radiation therapy for cancer experience radiation dermatitis. While the symptoms are mild or moderate for many patients, some experience severe dermatitis that can cause not only substantial discomfort but also infection. Treatment involves topical ointments, but patients are often advised to avoid these ointments for several hours before daily radiotherapy because of concern that they might increase the radiation dose to the skin. In a recent study, researchers ...
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Complementary Medicine Reduces Cancer Treatment Side Effects

The field known as integrative oncology involves a combination of conventional antitumor therapies and complementary therapies used to enhance wellness, improve quality of life, and relieve disease symptoms and treatment side effects. A study published this week in The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine found that integrative oncology facilitated adherence to conventional cancer treatment and reduced treatment-related adverse effects. The study, by Elio Rossi, MD and colleagues at...
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Breast Cancer Side Effect Has Lasting Financial Impact

A recent study published in the Journal of Supportive Care in Cancer reported that the long-term financial burden of breast cancer can be exacerbated by lymphedema, a type of swelling that occurs due to the accumulation of lymphatic fluid after lymph node damage or removal as a part of cancer treatment. The researchers surveyed 129 breast cancer survivors in New Jersey and Pennsylvania regarding cancer treatment factors, insurance, comorbid conditions, and economically burdensome events since ca...
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Demoralization and Suicidal Ideation Among Cancer Patients With Nancy Gilbert, MSN, RN, OCN

The incidence of suicide among patients with cancer in the United States is twice that of the general population. Studies demonstrate that demoralization, defined as lowered morale and perceived incapacity to cope, is strongly and independently related to suicidal ideation among cancer patients. Nancy Gilbert, MSN, RN, OCN and colleagues performed a retrospective analysis to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation in cancer patients. Ms. Gilbert, nurse manager in the Psychiatric Oncology C...
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